Doctoral studies represent the upper cycle of university studies, whose aim is broadening knowledge through innovative scientific research. They may be run as regular training (mandatory attendance) or as distance learning programmes. Doctorates are either scientific or professional, and consist in a series of courses, examinations, and a dissertation. They are organised by higher education institutions and award students a doctor’s degree on graduation.
A doctoral study programme usually lasts for three years. Under special circumstances, it may be prolonged by 1-2 years, and ends with the public defence of a doctoral dissertation, evaluated by a board of specialists authorised by the University Senate at the home Institution of Doctoral Studies (IDS).
The scientific title of Doctor is awarded following a report drawn up by the doctorate board of examiners, based on a Decision issued by the Administration of the IDS. The latter then sends the doctoral file and the doctoral dissertation to The Ministry of Education and Research, which validates the decision made by the board of examiners, through its National Council for the Attestation of University Titles, Diplomas and Certificates.
The title of Doctor is granted through an official Order issued by the Minister of Education and Research at the recommendation of the National Council for the Attestation of University Titles, Diplomas and Certificates.